API Notes: Foundation framework

The full API is described in Apple’s documentation, both the C and Objective-C APIs are available (but see the API Notes below).

These bindings are accessed through the AppKit package (that is, import AppKit).

API Notes

API additions

See API Description for PyObjCTools.FndCategories for some API extensions for the Foundation framework.

NSAppleEventDescriptor, NSAppleEventManager

These classes are barely supported, interaction with the lowlevel AppleEvent machinery is not tested at all and probably doesn’t work.

Use the ScriptingBridge and/or the (deprecated) appscript library instead of this class.


  • -encodeValuesOfObjCTypes:: Use the basic encoding methods instead

  • -decodeValuesOfObjCTypes:: Use the basic decoding methods instead

NSData, NSMutableData

  • -getBytes:: Use -bytes instead.

  • +dataWithBytesNoCopy:length:, -initWithBytesNoCopy:length: Don’t use these, Cocoa

    will try to use the C function free() on the buffer when the data object is released and that won’t work.

  • +dataWithBytesNoCopy:length:freeWhenDone:, -initWithBytesNoCopy:length:freeWhenDone:: Using these is fairly dangerous, your program can crash when the data buffer is cleaned up by the Python garbage collector before the NSData object is deallocated.

    The freeWhenDone argument must be False.

    Use buffer(value) instead, those will automatically be bridged to an instance of a NSData subclass.


  • -getObjects:andKeys:

    This method is not supported.


  • NSDebugEnabled, NSZombieEnabled, NSDeallocateZombies, NSHangOnUncaughtException, NSKeepAllocationStatistics: These values are not available from Python.

  • NSIsFreedObject, NSFrameAddress, NSReturnAddress, NSCountFrames:

    These functions are not available from Python.


  • NSSetUncaughtExceptionHandler is not supported

  • NSAssert5, NSAssert4, NSAssert3, NSAssert2, NSAssert1, NSAssert, NSParameterAssert, NSCAssert5, NSCAssert4, NSCAssert3, NSCAssert2, NSCAssert1, NSCAssert and NSCParameterAssert are not supported.


PyObjC does not fully support running with the garbage collector enabled at the moment.

  • disableCollectorForPointer:, enableCollectorForPointer:: These API’s are not supported at all.


  • NSZeroPoint, NSZeroSize, NSZeroRect: these are mutable. Do not use them to initialize a variable that you’ll modify later on, use the default constructor instead.

    This is, instead of:

    point = NSZeroPoint
    # ...
    point.x = 4


    point = NPoint()
    # ...
    point.x = 4

    (or even: point = NSPoint(x=4)).

  • The CoreGraphics types CGPoint, CGSize and CGRect are interchangeable with their Foundation counterparts, there is no need to explicitly convert between them.


  • Struct NSObjCValue and related constants (such as NSObjCNoType) are not available in Python.

  • It is possible to get and set argument values and the return value of an invocation, but only for the simple cases, that is when the value is a single value and not a pointer to value or an array of values.

    That is, the following methods cannot be accessed through an NSInvocation at the moment:

    • NSArray.arrayWithObjects_count_: The first argument is a C-array of values

    • NSFormatter.getObjectValue_forString_range_error_: The first and last arguments are a by-reference arguments.

    It is possible to get/set values whose type is a basic C type, that is the return value NSArray.count can be extracted from an NSInvocation object.

    This limitation should be fine for most usecases of NSInvocation, please let us know if you run into cases where this limitation is a problem.


  • Using NSMapTableObjectPointerPersonality is not supported. Trying to access values in a maptable with this personality for the keys or values will crash your program.

Generic Macros

  • The function/macros MIN, MAX and ABS are not available in Python. Use the regular python functions min, max and abs instead.


This class is only usable when the array is configured for Object use.


Accessing the actual function properties (such as hashFunction) is not supported.

NSMachPort delegate

Implementing or calling handleMachMessage: is not supported. The argument is mapped on a plain python integer, accessing the actual Mach message buffer is not possible.


The method initWithUUIDBytes: has an argument of type bytes with length 16.

The method getUUIDBytes: returns an instance of bytes of length 16.


  • initWithCharactersNoCopy:length:deallocator:, initWithBytesNoCopy:length:encoding:deallocator:: These methods are available from Python, but are not really useful because the pointer argument for the deallocator will not be the same as the argument passed in the first argument of this selector.


  • initWithFormat:options:locale:arguments: cannot be used from Python.


Subclassing NSDecimalNumber is support in theory, but in practice this won’t work because the Foundation framework doesn’t support this.